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Image, Definition, Accidents, Ache, and Extra

Illustration of Achilles Tendon

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The Achilles tendon is a troublesome band of fibrous tissue that connects the calf muscular tissues to the heel bone (calcaneus). The Achilles tendon can be referred to as the calcaneal tendon.

The gastrocnemius and soleus muscular tissues (calf muscular tissues) unite into one band of tissue, which turns into the Achilles tendon on the low finish of the calf. The Achilles tendon then inserts into the calcaneus. Small sacs of fluid referred to as bursae cushion the Achilles tendon on the heel. 

The Achilles tendon is the most important and strongest tendon within the physique. When the calf muscular tissues flex, the Achilles tendon pulls on the heel. This motion permits us to face on our toes when strolling, working, or leaping. Regardless of its energy, the Achilles tendon can be susceptible to damage, as a result of its restricted blood provide and the excessive tensions positioned on it.

Achilles Tendon Situations

  • Achilles tendon tear: Tears of the Achilles tendon may be tiny (microtears), or massive, inflicting ache, swelling, and impaired motion. They might happen all of a sudden throughout exercise, or steadily over time.
  • Achilles tendon rupture: An entire rupture of the Achilles tendon might make a “pop” sound, adopted by ache and swelling of the decrease leg. Treating an Achilles tendon rupture requires surgical procedure or long-term immobilization of the ankle.
  • Achilles tendinosis (previously tendonitis): Frequent exercise (working or strolling) causes an over use of the top of the Achilles tendon, inflicting ache and stiffness in the back of the heel. Relaxation, ice, and stretching might velocity therapeutic, which might take weeks.
  • Achilles peritendonosis: Much like Achilles tendonosis, however ache happen within the tissue surrounding the tendon brought on by over use, usually two or extra inches above the heel. 
  • Achilles tendinosis: Gradual thickening of the Achilles tendon, as a result of getting old or overuse. Regardless of the thickening, the tendon is weakened and liable to additional damage or rupture.
  • Achilles tendinopathy: A basic time period for tendinitis or tendinosis affecting the Achilles tendon.
  • Achilles or heel (calcaneal) bursitis: Low-riding footwear can irritate the bursa, a sac of fluid cushioning the Achilles tendon on the heel. Ache behind the heel, worse with footwear on, is the widespread symptom.

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