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Overview, Makes use of, Aspect Results, Precautions, Interactions, Dosing and Opinions

Abbasi, S. H., Heidari, S., Mohammadi, M. R., Tabrizi, M., Ghaleiha, A., and Akhondzadeh, S. Acetyl-L-carnitine as an adjunctive remedy within the remedy of attention-deficit/hyperactivity dysfunction in youngsters and adolescents: a placebo-controlled trial. Little one Psychiatry Hum.Dev. 2011;42(3):367-375. View summary.

Abbott CA, Vileikyte L, Williamson S, and et al. Impact of remedy with acetyl-l-carnitine on diabetic foot ulceration in sufferers with peripheral neuropathy: a 1 12 months potential multi-centre research. Diabetologia 1997;40:A556.

Abd-Allah, A. R., Helal, G. Okay., Al-Yahya, A. A., Aleisa, A. M., Al-Rejaie, S. S., and Al-Bakheet, S. A. Professional-inflammatory and oxidative stress pathways which compromise sperm motility and survival could also be altered by L-carnitine. Oxid.Med.Cell Longev. 2009;2(2):73-81. View summary.

Abdel-Azid MT, Abdou MS, Soliman Okay, and et al. Impact of carnitine on blood lipid sample in diabetic sufferers. Nutr Rep Internat 1984;29:1071-1079.

Ahmet, U., Abdurrahman, Okay., Sait, B., Ahmet, E., Salih, D., Mendane, S., Ates, Y., Fatih, B., Necmettin, Okay., and Kemal, D. L-carnitine remedy in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. Turk.J Pediatr. 2000;11(3):196-201.

Al’miasheva, M. I., Balashov, V. P., Ivianskii, S. A., Markelova, I. A., Kul’kova, N. P., and Balykova, L. A. [Experimental study of the effects of metabolic drugs on exercise tolerance]. Vopr.Kurortol.Fizioter.Lech.Fiz Kult. 2007;(4):15-17. View summary.

Al-Sannaa, N. A. and Cheriyan, G. M. Carnitine-acylcarnitine translocase deficiency. Medical course of three Saudi youngsters with a extreme phenotype. Saudi.Med.J 2010;31(8):931-934. View summary.

Aledo, R., Mir, C., Dalton, R. N., Turner, C., Pie, J., Hegardt, F. G., Casals, N., and Champion, M. P. Refining the analysis of mitochondrial HMG-CoA synthase deficiency. J Inherit.Metab Dis 2006;29(1):207-211. View summary.

Allegra, C., Antignani, P. L., Schachter, I., Koverech, A., Messano, M., and Virmani, A. Propionyl-L-carnitine in Leriche-Fontaine stage II peripheral arterial obstructive illness. Ann.Vasc.Surg. 2008;22(4):552-558. View summary.

Altmann P, Thompson C Graham Okay Ringrose T Taylor D Types P Radda G. Randomized placebo managed research on intravenous L-carnitine supplementation in hemodialysis patients-No profit in vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopic evaluation of muscle [abstract]. 1999;

Altunbasak, S., Baytok, V., Tasouji, M., Herguner, O., Burgut, R., and Kayrin, L. Asymptomatic hyperammonemia in youngsters handled with valproic acid. J Little one Neurol. 1997;12(7):461-463. View summary.

Alvarez, T. M., Guardiola, P. D., Roldan, J. O., Elviro, R., Wevers, R., and Guijarro, G. [Primary trimethylaminuria: the fish odor syndrome]. Endocrinol.Nutr. 2009;56(6):337-340. View summary.

Amadeo A, Bonollo L, Botto G, and et al. [Evaluation of efficacy of propionyl-L-carnitine in chronic oral administration on cardiac muscle efficiency, on tolerance to exercise and on life quality of patients with chronic cardiac failure. Double blind comparison with L-carnitine and placebo]. Rass Int Clin Ter 1992;72(3):117-131.

Amen, D. G., Wu, J. C., Taylor, D., and Willeumier, Okay. Reversing mind injury in former NFL gamers: implications for traumatic mind damage and substance abuse rehabilitation. J Psychoactive Medicine 2011;43(1):1-5. View summary.

Amin, Okay. A. and Nagy, M. A. Impact of Carnitine and natural combination extract on weight problems induced by excessive fats food plan in rats. Diabetol.Metab Syndr. 2009;1(1):17. View summary.

Andreozzi, G. M., Leone, A., Laudani, R., Martin, R., Deinit, G., and Cataldi, V. Levo-propionyl-carnitine improves the effectiveness of supervised bodily coaching on absolutely the claudication distance in sufferers with intermittent claudication. Angiology 2008;59(1):84-89. View summary.

Angelini, C., Federico, A., Reichmann, H., Lombes, A., Chinnery, P., and Turnbull, D. Activity power pointers handbook: EFNS pointers on analysis and administration of fatty acid mitochondrial issues. Eur.J Neurol. 2006;13(9):923-929. View summary.

Annadurai, T., Vigneshwari, S., Thirukumaran, R., Thomas, P. A., and Geraldine, P. Acetyl-L-carnitine prevents carbon tetrachloride-induced oxidative stress in numerous tissues of Wistar rats. J Physiol Biochem. 2011;67(4):519-530. View summary.

Nameless. Examine on propionyl-L-carnitine in power coronary heart failure. Eur Coronary heart J 1999;20(1):70-76. View summary.

Arbeiter, A. Okay., Kranz, B., Wingen, A. M., Bonzel, Okay. E., Dohna-Schwake, C., Hanssler, L., Neudorf, U., Hoyer, P. F., and Buscher, R. Steady venovenous haemodialysis (CVVHD) and steady peritoneal dialysis (CPD) within the acute administration of 21 youngsters with inborn errors of metabolism. Nephrol.Dial Transplant 2010;25(4):1257-1265. View summary.

Ardissone P, Baccolla D, Barberis L, and et al. The consequences of remedy with L-carnitine of hypoglycemia in preterm AGA infants. Curr Ther Res 1985;38:256-264.

Arduini, A., Bonomini, M., Clutterbuck, E. J., Laffan, M. A., and Pusey, C. D. Impact of L-carnitine administration on erythrocyte survival in haemodialysis sufferers. Nephrol.Dial Transplant 2006;21(9):2671-2672. View summary.

Arenas, J., Ricoy, J. R., Encinas, A. R., Pola, P., D’Iddio, S., Zeviani, M., Didonato, S., and Corsi, M. Carnitine in muscle, serum, and urine of nonprofessional athletes: results of bodily train, coaching, and L-carnitine administration. Muscle Nerve 1991;14(7):598-604. View summary.

Arnold, L. E., Amato, A., Bozzolo, H., Hollway, J., Cook dinner, A., Ramadan, Y., Crowl, L., Zhang, D., Thompson, S., Testa, G., Kliewer, V., Wigal, T., McBurnett, Okay., and Manos, M. Acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC) in attention-deficit/hyperactivity dysfunction: a multi-site, placebo-controlled pilot trial. J Little one Adolesc.Psychopharmacol. 2007;17(6):791-802. View summary.

Arockia Rani, P. J. and Panneerselvam, C. Carnitine as a free radical scavenger in getting older. Exp Gerontol. 2001;36(10):1713-1726. View summary.

Arrigo, A., Casale, R., Buonocore, M., and Ciano, C. Results of acetyl-L-carnitine on response occasions in sufferers with cerebrovascular insufficiency. Int J Clin Pharmacol Res 1990;10(1-2):133-137. View summary.

Asilsoy, S., Bekem, O., Karaman, O., Uzuner, N., and Kavukcu, S. Serum whole and free carnitine ranges in youngsters with bronchial asthma. World J Pediatr. 2009;5(1):60-62. View summary.

Augustyniak, A., Stankiewicz, A., and Skrzydlewska, E. The Affect of L-Carnitine on Oxidative Modification of LDL In Vitro. Toxicol.Mech.Strategies 2008;18(6):455-462. View summary.

Auinger, Okay., Muller, V., Rudiger, A., and Maggiorini, M. Valproic acid intoxication imitating mind demise. Am.J Emerg.Med. 2009;27(9):1177-6. View summary.

Azevedo, O., Vilarinho, L., Almeida, F., Ferreira, F., Guardado, J., Ferreira, M., Lourenco, A., Medeiros, R., and Almeida, J. Cardiomyopathy and kidney illness in a affected person with maternally inherited diabetes and deafness attributable to the 3243A>G mutation of mitochondrial DNA. Cardiology 2010;115(1):71-74. View summary.

Azumano, I. and Yamanishi, T. A brand new use of pantothenic acid in metabolic syndrome remedy. Kagaku to Seibutsu 2008;46(6):400-404.

Bain, M. A., Faull, R., Milne, R. W., and Evans, A. M. Oral L-carnitine: metabolite formation and hemodialysis. Curr.Drug Metab 2006;7(7):811-816. View summary.

Bajerska, J., Jeszka, J., Czapka-Matyasik, M., and Kostrzewa-Tarnowska, A. [Does L-carnitine supplementation can improve physical performance of athletes?]. Zywienie Czowieka i Metabolizm 2009;36(1):118-123.

Baker, S. Okay. and Lipson, D. M. Vincristine-induced peripheral neuropathy in a neonate with congenital acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Pediatr.Hematol.Oncol. 2010;32(3):e114-e117. View summary.

Balasaraswathi, Okay., Rajasekar, P., and Anuradha, C. V. Adjustments in redox ratio and protein glycation in precataractous lens from fructose-fed rats: results of exogenous L-carnitine. Clin Exp.Pharmacol Physiol 2008;35(2):168-173. View summary.

Balercia, G., Regoli, F., Armeni, T., Koverech, A., Mantero, F., and Boscaro, M. Placebo-controlled double-blind randomized trial on using L-carnitine, L-acetylcarnitine, or mixed L-carnitine and L-acetylcarnitine in males with idiopathic asthenozoospermia. Fertil.Steril. 2005;84(3):662-671. View summary.

Balogh, D., Hackl, J. M., Legenstein, E., and Musil, H. E. [Experiences with L-carnitine in the post-stress phase]. Infusionsther.Klin Ernahr. 1986;13(5):204-208. View summary.

Bangma, H. R., Smit, G. P., Kuks, J. B., Grevink, R. G., and Wolffenbuttel, B. H. [Two patients with mitochondrial respiratory chain disease]. Ned.Tijdschr.Geneeskd. 10-18-2008;152(42):2298-2301. View summary.

Barker, G. A., Inexperienced, S., Askew, C. D., Inexperienced, A. A., and Walker, P. J. Impact of propionyl-L-carnitine on train efficiency in peripheral arterial illness. Med Sci Sports activities Exerc. 2001;33(9):1415-1422. View summary.

Bassi S, Ferrarese C, Finoia MG, and et al. L-acetyl-carnitine in Alzheimer illness (A.D.) and senile dementia Alzheimer sort (S.D.A.T.). Senile Dementias.II Worldwide Symposium 1988;461-466.

Battistin L, Pizzolato G, Dam M, and et al. Results of acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC) remedy in dementia: A multicentric, randomized, double-blind research. New Tendencies Clin Neuropharmacol 1989;3(2):131-132.

Baudouin, C., Cochener, B., Pisella, P. J., Girard, B., Pouliquen, P., Cooper, H., and Creuzot-Garcher, C. Randomized, part III research evaluating osmoprotective carboxymethylcellulose with sodium hyaluronate in dry eye illness. Eur.J Ophthalmol. 2012;22(5):751-761. View summary.

Bavbek, N., Akay, H., Uz, B., Uz, E., Turgut, F., Kanbay, M., Senes, M., Akcay, A., and Duranay, M. The consequences of L-carnitine remedy on respiratory operate checks in power hemodialysis sufferers. Ren Fail. 2010;32(2):157-161. View summary.

Bazzato, G., Mezzina, C., Ciman, M., and Guarnieri, G. Myasthenia-like syndrome related to carnitine in sufferers on long- time period haemodialysis. Lancet 5-12-1979;1(8124):1041-1042. View summary.

Bellinghieri, G., Savica, V., Barbera, C. M., Ricciardi, B., Egitto, M., Torre, F., Valentini, G., D’Iddio, S., Bagiella, E., Mallamace, A., and . L-carnitine and platelet aggregation in uremic sufferers subjected to hemodialysis. Nephron 1990;55(1):28-32. View summary.

Bellinghieri, G., Savica, V., Mallamace, A., Di, Stefano C., Consolo, F., Spagnoli, L. G., Villaschi, S., Palmieri, G., Corsi, M., and Maccari, F. Correlation between elevated serum and tissue L-carnitine ranges and improved muscle signs in hemodialyzed sufferers. Am.J Clin Nutr. 1983;38(4):523-531. View summary.

Benedini, S., Perseghin, G., Terruzzi, I., Scifo, P., Invernizzi, P. L., Del, Maschio A., Lazzarin, A., and Luzi, L. Impact of L-acetylcarnitine on physique composition in HIV-related lipodystrophy. Horm.Metab Res. 2009;41(11):840-845. View summary.

Benton, D. and Donohoe, R. T. The affect on cognition of the interactions between lecithin, carnitine and carbohydrate. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2004;175(1):84-91. View summary.

Bernard, A., Rigault, C., Mazue, F., Le, Borgne F., and Demarquoy, J. L-carnitine supplementation and bodily train restore age-associated decline in some mitochondrial capabilities within the rat. J Gerontol.A Biol.Sci Med.Sci 2008;63(10):1027-1033. View summary.

Bertoli, M., Battistella, P. A., Vergani, L., Naso, A., Gasparotto, M. L., Romagnoli, G. F., and Angelini, C. Carnitine deficiency induced throughout hemodialysis and hyperlipidemia: impact of alternative remedy. Am J Clin Nutr 1981;34(8):1496-1500. View summary.

Biagini, A., Opie, L., Rovai, D., Mazzei, M. G., Carpeggiani, C., and Maseri, A. Intravenous dl-carnitine fails to extend the double-product throughout atrial pacing in sufferers with effort angina. A double-blind randomized research. G Ital Cardiol 1983;13(11):291-294. View summary.

Bianchi, G., Vitali, G., Caraceni, A., Ravaglia, S., Capri, G., Cundari, S., Zanna, C., and Gianni, L. Symptomatic and neurophysiological responses of paclitaxel- or cisplatin-induced neuropathy to oral acetyl-l-carnitine. Eur.J Most cancers 7-19-2005; View summary.

Bijarnia, S., Wiley, V., Carpenter, Okay., Christodoulou, J., Ellaway, C. J., and Wilcken, B. Glutaric aciduria sort I: consequence following detection by new child screening. J Inherit.Metab Dis 2008;31(4):503-507. View summary.

Biolo, G., Stulle, M., Bianco, F., Mengozzi, G., Barazzoni, R., Vasile, A., Panzetta, G., and Guarnieri, G. Insulin motion on glucose and protein metabolism throughout L-carnitine supplementation in upkeep haemodialysis sufferers. Nephrol.Dial Transplant 2008;23(3):991-997. View summary.

Bjornsson, E. Hepatotoxicity related to antiepileptic medication. Acta Neurol.Scand. 2008;118(5):281-290. View summary.

Block, Okay. I., Koch, A. C., Mead, M. N., Tothy, P. Okay., Newman, R. A., and Gyllenhaal, C. Influence of antioxidant supplementation on chemotherapeutic toxicity: a scientific assessment of the proof from randomized managed trials. Int.J Most cancers 9-15-2008;123(6):1227-1239. View summary.

Bloomer, R. J., Farney, T. M., Trepanowski, J. F., McCarthy, C. G., Canale, R. E., and Schilling, B. Okay. Comparability of pre-workout nitric oxide stimulating dietary dietary supplements on skeletal muscle oxygen saturation, blood nitrate/nitrite, lipid peroxidation, and higher physique train efficiency in resistance skilled males. J Int.Soc.Sports activities Nutr. 2010;7:16. View summary.

Bloomer, R. J., Tschume, L. C., and Smith, W. A. Glycine propionyl-L-carnitine modulates lipid peroxidation and nitric oxide in human topics. Int.J Vitam.Nutr.Res. 2009;79(3):131-141. View summary.

Bodea, F., Bocea, A., and Decea, N. [L-carnitine decreases oxidative stress induced by experimental hypobaric hypoxia]. Pediatr.Endocrinol.Diabetes Metab 2010;16(2):78-81. View summary.

Bohles H, Noppeney T, Akcetin Z, and et al. The impact of preoperative L-carnitine supplementation on myocardial metabolism throughout aorto-coronary-bypass surgical procedure. Present Therapeutic Analysis 1986;39(3):429-435.

Bohmer, T., Boen, A., and Hoymork, S. C. Valproate-induced hyperammonemic encephalopathy, quickly improved by i.v. carnitine and glucose/thiamine. Scand.J Gastroenterol. 2010;45(6):762-763. View summary.

Bolognesi, M., Amodio, P., Merkel, C., Godi, L., and Gatta, A. Impact of 8-day remedy with propionyl-L-carnitine on muscular and subcutaneous blood circulate of the decrease limbs in sufferers with peripheral arterial illness. Clin Physiol 1995;15(5):417-423. View summary.

Bonavita E, Bertuzzi D, Bonavita J, and et al. L-acetylcarnitine (L-AC) (Branigen) in the long run symptomatic remedy of senile dementia. Clin Trials J 1988;25:227-237.

Bonavita, E. Examine of the efficacy and tolerability of L-acetylcarnitine remedy within the senile mind. Int J Clin Pharmacol.Ther Toxicol. 1986;24(9):511-516. View summary.

Boneh, A., Beauchamp, M., Humphrey, M., Watkins, J., Peters, H., and Yaplito-Lee, J. New child screening for glutaric aciduria sort I in Victoria: remedy and consequence. Mol.Genet.Metab 2008;94(3):287-291. View summary.

Bonilla, Guerrero R., Wolfe, L. A., Payne, N., Tortorelli, S., Matern, D., Rinaldo, P., Gavrilov, D., Melan, M., He, M., Steinberg, S. J., Raymond, G. V., Vockley, J., and Gibson, Okay. M. Important fatty acid profiling for routine dietary evaluation unmasks adrenoleukodystrophy in an toddler with isovaleric acidaemia. J Inherit.Metab Dis 2008;31 Suppl 2:S453-S456. View summary.

Borghi-Silva, A., Baldissera, V., Sampaio, L. M., Pires-DiLorenzo, V. A., Jamami, M., Demonte, A., Marchini, J. S., and Costa, D. L-carnitine as an ergogenic support for sufferers with power obstructive pulmonary illness submitted to whole-body and respiratory muscle coaching packages. Braz.J Med.Biol.Res. 2006;39(4):465-474. View summary.

Brass, E. P., Adler, S., Sietsema, Okay. E., Hiatt, W. R., Orlando, A. M., and Amato, A. Intravenous L-carnitine will increase plasma carnitine, reduces fatigue, and will protect train capability in hemodialysis sufferers. Am J Kidney Dis. 2001;37(5):1018-1028. View summary.

Brass, E. P., Hoppel, C. L., and Hiatt, W. R. Impact of intravenous L-carnitine on carnitine homeostasis and gasoline metabolism throughout train in people. Clin Pharmacol Ther 1994;55(6):681-692. View summary.

Brevetti G, Chiariello M, Policicchio A, and et al. L-carnitine will increase strolling distance in sufferers with peripheral artery illness. Eur Coronary heart J 1984;5(Abstr Suppl 1):138.

Brevetti, G., Attisano, T., Perna, S., Rossini, A., Policicchio, A., and Corsi, M. Impact of L-carnitine on the reactive hyperemia in sufferers affected by peripheral vascular illness: a double-blind, crossover research. Angiology 1989;40(10):857-862. View summary.

Brevetti, G., di Lisa, F., Perna, S., Menabo, R., Barbato, R., Martone, V. D., and Siliprandi, N. Carnitine-related alterations in sufferers with intermittent claudication: indication for a targeted carnitine remedy. Circulation 5-1-1996;93(9):1685-1689. View summary.

Broad, E. M., Maughan, R. J., and Galloway S DR. Results of train depth and altered substrate availability on cardiovascular and metabolic responses to train after oral carnitine supplementation in athletes. Int.J Sport Nutr.Exerc.Metab 2011;21(5):385-397. View summary.

Brunel-Guitton, C., Costa, T., Mitchell, G. A., and Lambert, M. Remedy of cobalamin C (cblC) deficiency throughout being pregnant. J Inherit.Metab Dis 9-10-2010; View summary.

Cai, H., Yi, W., Li, M., and et al. The impact of levocarnitine for plasmatic matrix metalloproteinases (MMPS) on acute cerebral infarct sufferers. Fashionable Preventive Med. 2010;37(12):2353-2354.

Cai, T., Wagenlehner, F. M., Mazzoli, S., Meacci, F., Mondaini, N., Nesi, G., Tiscione, D., Malossini, G., and Bartoletti, R. Semen high quality in sufferers with Chlamydia trachomatis genital an infection handled concurrently with prulifloxacin and a phytotherapeutic agent. J Androl 2012;33(4):615-623. View summary.

Calabrese, V., Colombrita, C., Sultana, R., Scapagnini, G., Calvani, M., Butterfield, D. A., and Stella, A. M. Redox modulation of warmth shock protein expression by acetylcarnitine in getting older mind: relationship to antioxidant standing and mitochondrial operate. Antioxid.Redox.Sign. 2006;8(3-4):404-416. View summary.

Calabrese, V., Cornelius, C., Mancuso, C., Lentile, R., Stella, A. M., and Butterfield, D. A. Redox homeostasis and mobile stress response in getting older and neurodegeneration. Strategies Mol.Biol. 2010;610:285-308. View summary.

Calabrese, V., Cornelius, C., Stella, A. M., and Calabrese, E. J. Mobile stress responses, mitostress and carnitine insufficiencies as important determinants in getting older and neurodegenerative issues: function of hormesis and vitagenes. Neurochem.Res. 2010;35(12):1880-1915. View summary.

Calabrese, V., Giuffrida Stella, A. M., Calvani, M., and Butterfield, D. A. Acetylcarnitine and mobile stress response: roles in dietary redox homeostasis and regulation of longevity genes. J Nutr.Biochem. 2006;17(2):73-88. View summary.

Calandrella, N., De, Seta C., Scarsella, G., and Risuleo, G. Carnitine reduces the lipoperoxidative injury of the membrane and apoptosis after induction of cell stress in experimental glaucoma. Cell Loss of life.Dis 2010;1:e62. View summary.

Calo, L. A., Pagnin, E., Davis, P. A., Semplicini, A., Nicolai, R., Calvani, M., and Pessina, A. C. Antioxidant impact of L-carnitine and its brief chain esters: relevance for the safety from oxidative stress associated cardiovascular injury. Int.J Cardiol. 2-8-2006;107(1):54-60. View summary.

Cao, Y., Wang, Y. X., Liu, C. J., Wang, L. X., Han, Z. W., and Wang, C. B. Comparability of pharmacokinetics of L-carnitine, acetyl-L-carnitine and propionyl-L-carnitine after single oral administration of L-carnitine in wholesome volunteers. Clin Make investments Med. 2009;32(1):E13-E19. View summary.

Carlsson, M., Forsberg, E., and Thorne, A. Observations throughout L-carnitine infusion in two long-term critically sick sufferers. Clin Physiol 1984;4(4):363-365. View summary.

Carroll, J. Okay., Kohli, S., Mustian, Okay. M., Roscoe, J. A., and Morrow, G. R. Pharmacologic remedy of cancer-related fatigue. Oncologist. 2007;12 Suppl 1:43-51. View summary.

Caruso U, Cravotto E, Tisone G, and et al. Lengthy-term remedy with L-carnitine in uremic sufferers present process power hemodialysis: results on the lipid sample. Present Therapeutic Reserch 1983;33(6):1098-1104.

Caruso U, Leone L Cravotto E Nava D. Results of L-carnitine on anemia in aged hemodialysis sufferers handled with recombinant human erythropoietin: A pilot research. Dial Transplant 1998;27:498-506.

Casciani CU, Caruso U, Cravotto E, and et al. Helpful results of L-carnitine in put up dialysis syndrome. Curr Ther res, Clin exp 1982;32(11):116-127.

Casciani, C. U., Caruso, U., Cravotto, E., Corsi, M., Pola, P., Savi, L., and Grilli, M. Impact of L-carnitine on lipid sample in haemodialysis. Lancet 12-13-1980;2(8207):1309-1310. View summary.

Casciani, C. U., Caruso, U., Cravotto, E., D’Iddio, S., Corsi, M., Pola, P., Savi, L., and Grilli, M. L-carnitine in haemodialysed sufferers. Adjustments in lipid sample. Arzneimittelforschung 1982;32(3):293-297. View summary.

Cavallini, G., Ferraretti, A. P., Gianaroli, L., Biagiotti, G., and Vitali, G. Cinnoxicam and L-carnitine/acetyl-L-carnitine remedy for idiopathic and varicocele-associated oligoasthenospermia. J Androl 2004;25(5):761-770. View summary.

Cetinkaya, A., Bulbuloglu, E., Kantarceken, B., Ciralik, H., Kurutas, E. B., Buyukbese, M. A., and Gumusalan, Y. Results of L-carnitine on oxidant/antioxidant standing in acetic acid-induced colitis. Dig.Dis Sci 2006;51(3):488-494. View summary.

Cha, Y. S., Choi, S. Okay., Suh, H., Lee, S. N., Cho, D., and Li, Okay. Results of carnitine coingested caffeine on carnitine metabolism and endurance capability in athletes. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol.(Tokyo) 2001;47(6):378-384. View summary.

Chan, A., Paskavitz, J., Remington, R., Rasmussen, S., and Shea, T. B. Efficacy of a vitamin/nutriceutical formulation for early-stage Alzheimer’s illness: a 1-year, open-label pilot research with an 16-month caregiver extension. Am.J Alzheimers.Dis Different Demen. 12-20-2008;23(6):571-585. View summary.

Chan, A., Remington, R., Kotyla, E., Lepore, A., Zemianek, J., and Shea, T. B. A vitamin/nutriceutical formulation improves reminiscence and cognitive efficiency in community-dwelling adults with out dementia. J.Nutr.Well being Getting old 2010;14(3):224-230. View summary.

Chan, Y. C., Tse, M. L., and Lau, F. L. Two circumstances of valproic acid poisoning handled with L-carnitine. Hum.Exp.Toxicol. 2007;26(12):967-969. View summary.

Chao, H. H., Chen, C. H., Liu, J. C., Lin, J. W., Wong, Okay. L., and Cheng, T. H. L-Carnitine attenuates angiotensin II-induced proliferation of cardiac fibroblasts: function of NADPH oxidase inhibition and decreased sphingosine-1-phosphate technology. J Nutr.Biochem. 2010;21(7):580-588. View summary.

Chazot, C., Blanc, C., Hurot, J. M., Charra, B., Jean, G., and Laurent, G. Dietary results of carnitine supplementation in hemodialysis sufferers. Clin Nephrol 2003;59(1):24-30. View summary.

Chen, J. C., Tsai, T. C., Liu, C. S., and Lu, C. T. Acute listening to loss in a affected person with mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS). Acta Neurol.Taiwan. 2007;16(3):168-172. View summary.

Chen, X. F., Li, Z., Ping, P., Dai, J. C., Zhang, F. B., and Shang, X. J. [Efficacy of natural vitamin E on oligospermia and asthenospermia: a prospective multi-centered randomized controlled study of 106 cases]. Zhonghua Nan.Ke.Xue 2012;18(5):428-431. View summary.

Cheng, H. J. and Chen, T. [Clinical efficacy of combined L-carnitine and acetyl-L-carnitine on idiopathic asthenospermia]. Zhonghua Nan.Ke.Xue. 2008;14(2):149-151. View summary.

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