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Overview, Makes use of, Facet Results, Precautions, Interactions, Dosing and Opinions

Poindexter, B. B., Ehrenkranz, R. A., Stoll, B. J., Wright, L. L., Poole, W. Ok., Oh, W., Bauer, C. R., Papile, L. A., Tyson, J. E., Carlo, W. A., Laptook, A. R., Narendran, V., Stevenson, D. Ok., Fanaroff, A. A., Korones, S. B., Shankaran, S., Finer, N. N., and Lemons, J. A. Parenteral glutamine supplementation doesn’t cut back the chance of mortality or late-onset sepsis in extraordinarily low beginning weight infants. Pediatrics 2004;113(5):1209-1215. View summary.

Powell-Tuck, J. Whole parenteral vitamin with glutamine dipeptide shortened hospital stays and improved immune standing and nitrogen economic system after main belly surgical procedure. Intestine 1999;44(2):155. View summary.

Prada, P. O., Hirabara, S. M., de Souza, C. T., Schenka, A. A., Zecchin, H. G., Vassallo, J., Velloso, L. A., Carneiro, E., Carvalheira, J. B., Curi, R., and Saad, M. J. L-glutamine supplementation induces insulin resistance in adipose tissue and improves insulin signalling in liver and muscle of rats with diet-induced weight problems. Diabetologia 2007;50(9):1949-1959. [RETRACTED]. View summary.

Pytlik, R., Benes, P., Patorkova, M., Chocenska, E., Gregora, E., Prochazka, B., and Kozak, T. Standardized parenteral alanyl-glutamine dipeptide supplementation just isn’t useful in autologous transplant sufferers: a randomized, double-blind, placebo managed research. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2002;30(12):953-961. View summary.

Pytlik, R., Gregora, E., Benes, P., and Kozak, T. [Effect of parenteral glutamine on restoration of lymphocyte subpopulations after high-dose chemotherapy and autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation: data from a double-blind randomized study]. Epidemiol.Mikrobiol.Imunol. 2002;51(4):152-155. View summary.

Quan, Z. F., Yang, C., Li, N., and Li, J. S. Impact of glutamine on change in early postoperative intestinal permeability and its relation to systemic inflammatory response. World J.Gastroenterol. 7-1-2004;10(13):1992-1994. View summary.

Rogeri, P. S. and Costa Rosa, L. F. Plasma glutamine focus in spinal wire injured sufferers. Life Sci 9-23-2005;77(19):2351-2360. View summary.

Sax, H. C. Medical and metabolic efficacy of glutamine-supplemented parenteral vitamin after bone marrow transplantation. A randomized, double-blind, managed research. JPEN J.Parenter.Enteral Nutr. 1992;16(6):589-590. View summary.

Scheid, C., Hermann, Ok., Kremer, G., Holsing, A., Heck, G., Fuchs, M., Waldschmidt, D., Herrmann, H. J., Sohngen, D., Diehl, V., and Schwenk, A. Randomized, double-blind, managed research of glycyl-glutamine-dipeptide within the parenteral vitamin of sufferers with acute leukemia present process intensive chemotherapy. Vitamin 2004;20(3):249-254. View summary.

Scheltinga, M. R., Younger, L. S., Benfell, Ok., Bye, R. L., Ziegler, T. R., Santos, A. A., Antin, J. H., Schloerb, P. R., and Wilmore, D. W. Glutamine-enriched intravenous feedings attenuate extracellular fluid enlargement after a regular stress. Ann.Surg. 1991;214(4):385-393. View summary.

Schloerb, P. R. and Amare, M. Whole parenteral vitamin with glutamine in bone marrow transplantation and different medical functions (a randomized, double-blind research). JPEN J.Parenter.Enteral Nutr. 1993;17(5):407-413. View summary.

Schulman, A. S., Willcutts, Ok. F., Claridge, J. A., Evans, H. L., Radigan, A. E., O’Donnell, Ok. B., Camden, J. R., Chong, T. W., McElearney, S. T., Smith, R. L., Gazoni, L. M., Farinholt, H. M., Heuser, C. C., Lowson, S. M., Schirmer, B. D., Younger, J. S., and Sawyer, R. G. Does the addition of glutamine to enteral feeds have an effect on affected person mortality? Crit Care Med 2005;33(11):2501-2506. View summary.

Schulman, A. S., Willcutts, Ok. F., Claridge, J. A., O’Donnell, Ok. B., Radigan, A. E., Evans, H. L., McElearney, S. T., Hedrick, T. L., Lowson, S. M., Schirmer, B. D., Younger, J. S., and Sawyer, R. G. Does enteral glutamine supplementation lower infectious morbidity? Surg.Infect.(Larchmt.) 2006;7(1):29-35. View summary.

Sheridan, R. L., Prelack, Ok., Yu, Y. M., Lydon, M., Petras, L., Younger, V. R., and Tompkins, R. G. Brief-term enteral glutamine doesn’t improve protein accretion in burned youngsters: a secure isotope research. Surgical procedure 2004;135(6):671-678. View summary.

Spittler, A., Sautner, T., Gornikiewicz, A., Manhart, N., Oehler, R., Bergmann, M., Fugger, R., and Roth, E. Postoperative glycyl-glutamine infusion reduces immunosuppression: partial prevention of the surgical procedure induced lower in HLA-DR expression on monocytes. Clin.Nutr. 2001;20(1):37-42. View summary.

Stehle, P., Zander, J., Mertes, N., Albers, S., Puchstein, C., Lawin, P., and Furst, P. Impact of parenteral glutamine peptide dietary supplements on muscle glutamine loss and nitrogen steadiness after main surgical procedure. Lancet 2-4-1989;1(8632):231-233. View summary.

Stubblefield, M. D., Vahdat, L. T., Balmaceda, C. M., Troxel, A. B., Hesdorffer, C. S., and Gooch, C. L. Glutamine as a neuroprotective agent in high-dose paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy: a medical and electrophysiologic research. Clin.Oncol.(R.Coll.Radiol.) 2005;17(4):271-276. View summary.

Suojaranta-Ylinen, R., Ruokonen, E., Pulkki, Ok., Mertsola, J., and Takala, J. Preoperative glutamine loading doesn’t stop endotoxemia in cardiac surgical procedure. Acta Anaesthesiol.Scand. 1997;41(3):385-391. View summary.

Sykorova, A., Horacek, J., Zak, P., Kmonicek, M., Bukac, J., and Maly, J. A randomized, double blind comparative research of prophylactic parenteral dietary help with or with out glutamine in autologous stem cell transplantation for hematological malignancies — three years’ follow-up. Neoplasma 2005;52(6):476-482. View summary.

Thompson, S. W., McClure, B. G., and Tubman, T. R. A randomized, managed trial of parenteral glutamine in ailing, very low birth-weight neonates. J.Pediatr.Gastroenterol.Nutr. 2003;37(5):550-553. View summary.

Tjader, I., Rooyackers, O., Forsberg, A. M., Vesali, R. F., Garlick, P. J., and Wernerman, J. Results on skeletal muscle of intravenous glutamine supplementation to ICU sufferers. Intensive Care Med. 2004;30(2):266-275. View summary.

van den Berg, A., van Elburg, R. M., Twisk, J. W., and Fetter, W. P. Glutamine-enriched enteral vitamin in very low beginning weight infants. Design of a double-blind randomised managed trial [ISRCTN73254583]. BMC.Pediatr. 9-1-2004;4:17. View summary.

van den Berg, A., van Elburg, R. M., Westerbeek, E. A., Twisk, J. W., and Fetter, W. P. Glutamine-enriched enteral vitamin in very-low-birth-weight infants and results on feeding tolerance and infectious morbidity: a randomized managed trial. Am.J Clin.Nutr. 2005;81(6):1397-1404. View summary.

van Corridor, G., Saris, W. H., van de Schoor, P. A., and Wagenmakers, A. J. The impact of free glutamine and peptide ingestion on the speed of muscle glycogen resynthesis in man. Int.J.Sports activities Med. 2000;21(1):25-30. View summary.

van Loon, F. P., Banik, A. Ok., Nath, S. Ok., Patra, F. C., Wahed, M. A., Darmaun, D., Desjeux, J. F., and Mahalanabis, D. The impact of L-glutamine on salt and water absorption: a jejunal perfusion research in cholera in people. Eur.J.Gastroenterol.Hepatol. 1996;8(5):443-448. View summary.

Vaughn, P., Thomas, P., Clark, R., and Neu, J. Enteral glutamine supplementation and morbidity in low beginning weight infants. J.Pediatr. 2003;142(6):662-668. View summary.

Velasco, N., Hernandez, G., Wainstein, C., Castillo, L., Maiz, A., Lopez, F., Guzman, S., Bugedo, G., Acosta, A. M., and Bruhn, A. Affect of polymeric enteral vitamin supplemented with totally different doses of glutamine on intestine permeability in critically ailing sufferers. Vitamin 2001;17(11-12):907-911. View summary.

Vicario, M., Amat, C., Rivero, M., Moreto, M., and Pelegri, C. Dietary glutamine impacts mucosal features in rats with delicate DSS-induced colitis. J Nutr. 2007;137(8):1931-1937. View summary.

Walsh, N. P., Blannin, A. Ok., Bishop, N. C., Robson, P. J., and Gleeson, M. Impact of oral glutamine supplementation on human neutrophil lipopolysaccharide-stimulated degranulation following extended train. Int.J.Sport Nutr.Exerc.Metab 2000;10(1):39-50. View summary.

Williams, J. Z., Abumrad, N., and Barbul, A. Impact of a specialised amino acid combination on human collagen deposition. Ann.Surg. 2002;236(3):369-374. View summary.

Williams, R., Olivi, S., Li, C. S., Storm, M., Cremer, L., Mackert, P., and Wang, W. Oral glutamine supplementation decreases resting power expenditure in youngsters and adolescents with sickle cell anemia. J.Pediatr.Hematol.Oncol. 2004;26(10):619-625. View summary.

Wischmeyer, P. E., Lynch, J., Liedel, J., Wolfson, R., Riehm, J., Gottlieb, L., and Kahana, M. Glutamine administration reduces Gram-negative bacteremia in severely burned sufferers: a potential, randomized, double-blind trial versus isonitrogenous management. Crit Care Med. 2001;29(11):2075-2080. View summary.

Wischmeyer, P., Pemberton, J. H., and Phillips, S. F. Persistent pouchitis after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis: responses to butyrate and glutamine suppositories in a pilot research. Mayo Clin.Proc. 1993;68(10):978-981. View summary.

Yalcin, S. S., Yurdakok, Ok., Tezcan, I., and Oner, L. Impact of glutamine supplementation on diarrhea, interleukin-8 and secretory immunoglobulin A in youngsters with acute diarrhea. J.Pediatr.Gastroenterol.Nutr. 2004;38(5):494-501. View summary.

Yao, G. X., Xue, X. B., Jiang, Z. M., Yang, N. F., and Wilmore, D. W. Results of perioperative parenteral glutamine-dipeptide supplementation on plasma endotoxin degree, plasma endotoxin inactivation capability and medical consequence. Clin.Nutr. 2005;24(4):510-515. View summary.

Yoshida, S., Kaibara, A., Ishibashi, N., and Shirouzu, Ok. Glutamine supplementation in most cancers sufferers. Vitamin 2001;17(9):766-768. View summary.

Younger, L. S., Bye, R., Scheltinga, M., Ziegler, T. R., Jacobs, D. O., and Wilmore, D. W. Sufferers receiving glutamine-supplemented intravenous feedings report an enchancment in temper. JPEN J.Parenter.Enteral Nutr. 1993;17(5):422-427. View summary.

Zhou, Y. P., Jiang, Z. M., Solar, Y. H., Wang, X. R., Ma, E. L., and Wilmore, D. The impact of supplemental enteral glutamine on plasma ranges, intestine operate, and consequence in extreme burns: a randomized, double-blind, managed medical trial. JPEN J.Parenter.Enteral Nutr. 2003;27(4):241-245. View summary.

Zhou, Y., Jiang, Z., and Solar, Y. [Glutamine dipeptide enriched enteral nutrition improving gut permeability in sever burns]. Zhonghua Yi.Xue.Za Zhi. 1999;79(11):825-827. View summary.

Zhou, Y., Solar, Y., Jiang, Z., He, G., and Yang, N. [The effects of glutamine dipeptide on the improvement of endotoxemia in severely burned patients]. Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi. 2002;18(6):343-345. View summary.

Zhu, M., Tang, D., Zhao, X., Cao, J., Wei, J., Chen, Y., Xiao, L., and Solar, Q. [Impact of glutamine of gut permeability and clinical prognosis on the aging patients undergoing gastric-intestinal operation]. Zhongguo Yi.Xue.Ke.Xue.Yuan Xue.Bao. 2000;22(5):425-427. View summary.

Ziegler, T. R., Ogden, L. G., Singleton, Ok. D., Luo, M., Fernandez-Estivariz, C., Griffith, D. P., Galloway, J. R., and Wischmeyer, P. E. Parenteral glutamine will increase serum warmth shock protein 70 in critically ailing sufferers. Intensive Care Med 2005;31(8):1079-1086. View summary.

Abboud KY, Reis SK, Martelli ME, et al. Oral glutamine supplementation reduces weight problems, pro-inflammatory markers, and improves insulin sensitivity in DIO wistar rats and reduces waist circumference in chubby and overweight people. Vitamins 2019;11(3). pii: E536. View summary.

Akobeng AK, Miller V, Stanton J, et al. Double-blind, randomized, managed trial of glutamine-enriched polymeric weight-reduction plan within the remedy of energetic Crohn’s illness. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2000;30:78-84.. View summary.

Alshawa A, Cadena AP, Stephen B, et al. Results of glutamine for prevention of radiation-induced esophagitis: a double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Make investments New Medicine. 2021. View summary.

Alsubaie HM, Alsini AY, Alsubaie KM, et al. Glutamine for prevention and alleviation of radiation-induced oral mucositis in sufferers with head and neck squamous cell most cancers: Systematic assessment and meta-analysis of managed trials. Head Neck 2021;43(10):3199-3213. View summary.

Alverdy JC. Results of glutamine-supplemented diets on immunology of the intestine. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 1990;14:109S-13S.. View summary.

Amores-Sanchez MI, Medina MA. Glutamine, as a precursor of glutathione, and oxidative stress. Mol Genet Metab 1999;67:100-5.. View summary.

Anderson PM, Ramsay NK, Shu XO, et al. Impact of low-dose oral glutamine on painful stomatitis throughout bone marrow transplantation. Bone Marrow Transplant 1998;22:339-44.. View summary.

Anderson PM, Schroeder G, Skubitz KM. Oral glutamine reduces the length and severity of stomatitis after cytotoxic most cancers chemotherapy. Most cancers 1998;83:1433-9. View summary.

Armstrong DG, Hanft JR, Driver VR, et al. Impact of oral dietary supplementation on wound therapeutic in diabetic foot ulcers: a potential randomized managed trial. Diabet Med 2014;31(9):1069-77. View summary.

Beltrán Chaidez YL, Reyes Barretero DY, Flores Merino MV, Jaimes Alpizar E, de Anda Torres VY, Domínguez García MV. Impact of parenteral glutamine in sufferers with gastrointestinal most cancers present process surgical procedure. Nutr Hosp 2019;36(1):5-12. View summary.

Blass SC, Goost H, Tolba RH, et al. Time to wound closure in trauma sufferers with issues in wound therapeutic is shortened by dietary supplements containing antioxidant micronutrients and glutamine: a PRCT. Clin Nutr 2012;31(4):469-75. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2012.01.002. View summary.

Bowtell JL, Gelly Ok, Jackman ML, et al. Impact of oral glutamine on complete physique carbohydrate storage throughout restoration from exhaustive train. J Appl Physiol 1999;86:1770-7. View summary.

Bozzetti F, Biganzoli L, Gavazzi C, et al. Glutamine supplementation in most cancers sufferers receiving chemotherapy: a double-blind randomized research. Vitamin 1997;13:748-51.. View summary.

Brown SA, Goringe A, Fegan C, et al. Parenteral glutamine protects hepatic operate throughout bone marrow transplantation. Bone Marrow Transplant 1998;22:281-4.. View summary.

Byrne TA, Morrissey TB, Nattakom TV, et al. Progress hormone, glutamine, and a modified weight-reduction plan improve nutrient absorption in sufferers with extreme quick bowel syndrome. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 1995;19:296-302.. View summary.

Byrne TA, Persinger RL, Younger LS, et al. A brand new remedy for sufferers with short-bowel syndrome. Progress hormone, glutamine, and a modified weight-reduction plan. Ann Surg 1995;222:243-54.. View summary.

Castell LM, Newsholme EA. The consequences of oral glutamine supplementation on athletes after extended, exhaustive train. Vitamin 1997;13:738-42. View summary.

Cengiz M, Borku Uysal B, Ikitimur H, et al. Impact of oral l-glutamine supplementation on Covid-19 remedy. Clin Nutr Exp 2020;33:24-31. View summary.

Chang SC, Lai YC, Hung JC, Chang CY. Oral glutamine dietary supplements cut back concurrent chemoradiotherapy-induced esophagitis in sufferers with superior non-small cell lung most cancers. Medication (Baltimore) 2019;98(8):e14463. View summary.

Chapman AG. Glutamate and epilepsy. J Nutr 2000;130:1043S-5S.. View summary.

Chen D, Liu Y, He W, Wang H, Wang Z. Neurotransmitter-precursor-supplement intervention for detoxified heroin addicts. J Huazhong Univ Sci Technolog Med Sci 2012;32(3):422-7.

Chen QH, Yang Y, He HL, Xie JF, Cai SX, Liu AR, Wang HL, Qiu HB. The impact of glutamine remedy on outcomes in critically ailing sufferers: a meta-analysis of randomized managed trials. Crit Care. 2014 Jan 9;18(1):R8. View summary.

Chuntrasakul C, Siltharm S, Sarasombath S, et al. Metabolic and immune results of dietary arginine, glutamine and omega-3 fatty acids supplementation in immunocompromised sufferers. J Med Assoc Thai 1998;81:334-43.. View summary.

Clark RH, Feleke G, Din M, et al. Dietary remedy for acquired immunodeficiency virus-associated losing utilizing beta-hydroxy beta-methylbutyrate, glutamine, and arginine: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled research. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2000;24:133-9. View summary.

Clark RH, Feleke G, Din M, et al. Dietary remedy for acquired immunodeficiency virus-associated losing utilizing beta-hydroxy beta-methylbutyrate, glutamine, and arginine: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled research. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2000;24:133-9.. View summary.

Cockerham MB, Weinberger BB, Lerchie SB. Oral glutamine for the prevention of oral mucositis related to high-dose paclitaxel and melphalan for autologous bone marrow transplantation. Ann Pharmacother 2000;34:300-3.. View summary.

Coghlin Dickson TM, Wong RM, Negrin RS, et al. Impact of oral glutamine supplementation throughout bone marrow transplantation. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2000;24:61-6.. View summary.

Córdova-Martínez A, Caballero-García A, Bello HJ, Pérez-Valdecantos D, Roche E. Impact of Glutamine Supplementation on Muscular Injury Biomarkers in Skilled Basketball Gamers. Vitamins 2021;13(6):2073. View summary.

Daniele B, Perrone F, Gallo C, et al. Oral glutamine within the prevention of fluorouracil induced intestinal toxicity: a double blind, placebo managed, randomised trial. Intestine 2001;48:28-33.. View summary.

de Kieviet JF, Oosterlaan J, van Zwol A, Boehm G, Lafeber HN, van Elburg RM. Results of neonatal enteral glutamine supplementation on cognitive, motor and behavioural outcomes in very preterm and/or very low beginning weight youngsters in school age. Br J Nutr. 2012 Dec 28;108(12):2215-20. doi: 10.1017/S0007114512000293. View summary.

Decker-Baumann C, Buhl Ok, Frohmuller S, et al. Discount of chemotherapy-induced side-effects by parenteral glutamine supplementation in sufferers with metastatic colorectal most cancers. Eur J Most cancers 1999;35:202-7.. View summary.

Den Hond E, Hiele M, Peeters M, et al. Impact of long-term oral glutamine dietary supplements on small intestinal permeability in sufferers with Crohn’s illness. J Parenter Enteral Nutr 1999;23:7-11. View summary.

Eda Ok, Uzer Ok, Murat T, Cenk U. The consequences of enteral glutamine on radiotherapy induced dermatitis in breast most cancers. Clin Nutr. 2016 Apr;35(2):436-439. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2015.03.009. View summary.

Elad S, Cheng KKF, Lalla RV, et al. MASCC/ISOO medical follow pointers for the administration of mucositis secondary to most cancers remedy. Most cancers. 2020;126(19):4423-4431. View summary.

Endari (l-glutamine) [package insert]. Torrance, CA: Emmaus Medical,Inc; 2017.

Eschbach LF, Webster MJ, Boyd JC, et al. The impact of siberian ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus) on substrate utilization and efficiency. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2000;10:444-51. View summary.

Furst P. New developments in glutamine supply. J Nutr 2001;131:2562S-8S.. View summary.

Furukawa S, Saito H, Inoue T, et al. Supplemental glutamine augments phagocytosis and reactive oxygen intermediate manufacturing by neutrophils and monocytes from postoperative sufferers in vitro. Vitamin 2000;16:323-9.. View summary.

Garlick PJ. Evaluation of the protection of glutamine and different amino acids. J Nutr 2001;131:2556S-61S.. View summary.

Griffiths RD. Glutamine: establishing medical indications. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 1999;2:177-82.. View summary.

Hasani M, Mansour A, Asayesh H, et al. Impact of glutamine supplementation on cardiometabolic threat components and inflammatory markers: a scientific assessment and meta-analysis. BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2021;21(1):190. View summary.

Haub MD, Potteiger JA, Nau KL, et al. Acute L-glutamine ingestion doesn’t enhance maximal effort train. J Sports activities Med Phys Health 1998;38:240-4. View summary.

Heyland D, Muscedere J, Wischmeyer PE, et al. A randomized trial of glutamine and
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Houdijk AP, Rijnsburger ER, Jansen J, et al. Randomised trial of glutamine-enriched enteral vitamin on infectious morbidity in sufferers with a number of trauma. Lancet 1998;352:772-6.. View summary.

Imai T, Matsuura Ok, Asada Y, et al. Impact of HMB/Arg/Gln on the prevention of radiation dermatitis in head and neck most cancers sufferers handled with concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Jpn J Clin Oncol 2014;44(5):422-7. View summary.

Jebb SA, Osborne RJ, Maughan TS, et al. 5-fluorouracil and folinic acid-induced mucositis: no impact of oral glutamine supplementation. Br J Most cancers 1994;70:732-5.. View summary.

Jian ZM, Cao JD, Zhu XG, et al. The affect of alanyl-glutamine on medical security, nitrogen steadiness, intestinal permeability, and medical consequence in postoperative sufferers: a randomized, double-blind, managed research of 120 sufferers. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 1999;23:S62-6.. View summary.

Jiang X, Pei LY, Guo WX, Qi X, Lu XG. Glutamine supported early enteral remedy for extreme acute pancreatitis: A scientific assessment and meta-analysis. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2020;29(2):253-61. View summary.

Jones C, Palmer TE, Griffiths RD. Randomized medical consequence research of critically ailing sufferers given glutamine-supplemented enteral vitamin. Vitamin 1999;15:108-15.. View summary.

Khogali SE, Pringle SD, Weryk BV, Rennie MJ. Is glutamine useful in ischemic coronary heart illness? Vitamin 2002;18:123-6.. View summary.

Krupek T, Ferrari BJW, Silva M, et al. Effervescent glutamine formulation improves the useful results of antiretroviral therapies on immune operate in HIV/AIDS provider sufferers. J Med Meals 2020;23(5):485-90. View summary.

Kusumoto I. Industrial manufacturing of L-glutamine. J Nutr 2001;131:2552S-5S.. View summary.

Laviano A, Molfino A, Lacaria MT, Canelli A, De Leo S, Preziosa I, Rossi Fanelli F. Glutamine supplementation favors weight reduction in nondieting overweight feminine sufferers. A pilot research. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2014 Nov;68(11):1264-6. View summary.

Lawrie TA, Inexperienced JT, Beresford M, et al. Interventions to scale back acute and late antagonistic gastrointestinal results of pelvic radiotherapy for major pelvic cancers. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Jan 23;1:CD012529. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD012529.pub2. View summary.

Lin JJ, Chung XJ, Yang CY, Lau HL. A meta-analysis of trials utilizing the intention to deal with precept for glutamine supplementation in critically ailing sufferers with burn. Burns 2013;39(4):565-70. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2012.11.008. View summary.

Martinez JL, Bosco-Garate I, Souza-Gallardo LM, et al. Impact of preoperative administration of oral arginine and glutamine in sufferers with enterocutaneous fistula submitted to definitive surgical procedure: a potential randomized trial. J Gastrointest Surg 2020;24(2):426-34. doi: 10.1007/s11605-018-04099-4. View summary.

Mebane AH. L-Glutamine and mania. Am J Psychiatry 984;141:1302-3.

Medina MA. Glutamine and most cancers. J Nutr 2001;131:2539S-42S.. View summary.

Meldrum BS. Glutamate as a neurotransmitter within the mind: assessment of physiology and pathology. J Nutr 2000;130:1007S-15S.. View summary.

Mertes N, Schulzki C, Goeters C, et al. Price containment by way of L-alanyl-L-glutamine supplemented whole parenteral vitamin after main belly surgical procedure: a potential randomized double-blind managed research. Clin Nutr 2000;19:395-401.. View summary.

Miller AL. Therapeutic issues of L-glutamine: a assessment of the literature. Altern Med Rev 1999;4:239-48.. View summary.

Moe-Byrne T, Brown JVE, McGuire W. Glutamine supplementation to stop morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016;4(4):CD001457. View summary.

Mohajeri M, Horriatkhah E, Mohajery R. The impact of glutamine supplementation on serum ranges of some inflammatory components, oxidative stress, and urge for food in COVID-19 sufferers: a case-control research. Inflammopharmacology 2021;29(6):1769-1776. View summary.

Monteiro FR, Roseira T, Amaral JB, et al. Mixed Train Coaching and l-Glutamine Supplementation Enhances Each Humoral and Mobile Immune Responses after Influenza Virus Vaccination in Aged Topics. Vaccines (Basel). 2020;8(4):685. View summary.

Moore SR, Quinn LA, Maier EA, et al. Oral alanyl-glutamine for irritation, vitamin, & enteropathy: a randomized dose-response managed trial in youngsters. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2020 Jul 8. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000002834. View summary.

Morlion BJ, Stehle P, Wachtler P, et al. Whole parenteral vitamin with glutamine dipeptide after main belly surgical procedure: a randomized, double-blind, managed research. Ann Surg 1998;227:302-8.. View summary.

Morris CR, Kuypers FA, Hagar R, et al. Implications for the metabolic destiny of oral glutamine supplementation inside plasma and erythrocytes of sufferers with sickle cell illness: A pharmacokinetics research. Complement Ther Med 2022;64:102803. View summary.

Neu J. Glutamine within the fetus and critically ailing low beginning weight neonate: metabolism and mechanism of motion. J Nutr 2001;131:2585S-9S.. View summary.

Newsholme P. Why is L-glutamine metabolism vital to cells of the immune system in well being, postinjury, surgical procedure or an infection? J Nutr 2001;131:2515S-22S.. View summary.

Niihara Y, Miller ST, Kanter J, et al. A Part 3 Trial of l-Glutamine in Sickle Cell Illness. N Engl J Med 2018;379(3):226-35. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1715971. View summary.

Niihara Y, Razon R, Majumdar S, Claggett B, Onyinye OC, Ikeda A, et al. Part 3 research of L-glutamine in sickle cell illness: analyses of time to first and second disaster and common cumulative recurrent Occasions. Blood 2017;130(suppl 1):685.

Niihara Y, Zerez CR, Akiyama DS, et al. Oral L-glutamine remedy for sickle cell anemia: I. Subjective medical enchancment and favorable change in pink cell NAD redox potential. Am J Hematol 1998;58:117-21. View summary.

Noyer CM, Simon D, Borczuk A, et al. A double-blind placebo-controlled pilot research of glutamine remedy for irregular intestinal permeability in sufferers with AIDS. Am J Gastroenterol 1998;93:972-5. View summary.

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