Not too long ago, a lifeless Indus dolphin was discovered floating in Dadu Canal. Blind dolphins are uncommon mammals and the second most endangered species on the planet. They’re present in waters between Guddu and Sukkur barrages positioned within the decrease Indus River attain. Round 20 Indus dolphins reportedly die every year. Nevertheless, the quantity is likely to be extra as most such circumstances go undetected or unreported.
It’s the prime accountability of the Sindh Wildlife Division to guard endangered species. Regardless of receiving World Financial institution funds for the conservation of Indus dolphins, the division involved has didn’t carry out its obligation correctly.
The inhabitants of Indus blind dolphin was 1,419 as per the survey performed by stated division in 2019 based mostly on naked-eye sightings, which is unquestionably not a dependable methodology and efficient approach.
Alternatively, a survey performed by the World Vast Fund for Nature (WWF), Pakistan, reported 1,075 dolphins between Guddu and Sukkur barrages in 2017.
It is very important conduct census on an yearly foundation by means of an excellent survey each upstream and downstream to maintain a report of the inhabitants of blind dolphins. Analytical strategies, just like the Zero-truncated Poisson-log Regular Estimator (ZPNE), ought to be used for the duty in order that the whole variety of marked and unmarked dolphins could also be counted.
Gillnet, overfishing and unlawful fishing practices ought to be stopped instantly and the water from upstream dams ought to be launched instantly by the Indus River System Authority (Irsa) for the survival of those harmless creatures.
An intensive scientific examine ought to be performed to seek out out why dolphins are dying in Dadu Canal and elsewhere. On this connection, strong monitoring of the dolphin inhabitants ought to be executed by worldwide specialists.
Additional, the authorities involved ought to curtail anthropogenic occasions that put further burden on the Indus River’s biodiversity, significantly associated to the blind dolphins.
Furthermore, the present coordination and collaboration involving federal, Punjab and Sindh officers have to be improved to make sure the supply of the required water degree downstream for Indus dolphins and different species.
ZAINAB HYDER ZARDARI