What are Demodex Mites?


Demodex mites are microscopic eight-legged organisms discovered primarily within the sebaceous and hair follicle glands of your face. You possibly can scrub your face as a lot as you need, nevertheless it’s just about inconceivable to eliminate them. Demodex mites usually come out at evening while you’re asleep to allow them to feast in your useless pores and skin cells earlier than retreating to their hiding spots to put eggs. 

Varieties of Demodex Mites

There are two several types of Demodex mites that reside on the human physique, the Demodex folliculorum and the Demodex brevis. D. folliculorum mites are round 0.3-0.4 millimeters lengthy, whereas the D. brevis is barely smaller at 0.15-0.2 mm. Each forms of Demodex mites have elongated, semi-transparent our bodies made up of two fused segments, with the primary section having eight legs connected.

The our bodies of each forms of Demodex mites are coated in scales that assist them connect to your hair follicles. Demodex mites have mouthparts designed to devour pores and skin cells, oil, and hormones present in your hair follicles.

D. folliculorum mites have a tendency to stay round your face, whereas D. brevis mites are likely to migrate to the neck and chest space. A D.folliculorum mite likes to get contained in the higher a part of a hair follicle and survive on pores and skin cells and oil. D. brevis mites desire going deep into your sebaceous glands and feeding on the cells.

How Demodex Mites Survive on Your Physique

Mating between female and male Demodex mites usually happens in a follicle opening. As soon as fertilization happens, the mites lay eggs inside sebaceous glands or hair follicles. New larvae hatch inside 3-4 days and change into adults after seven days. 

Most Demodex mites survive for round two weeks. As soon as they die, the mites break down inside your hair follicles and sebaceous glands.

Demodex mites can transfer from host to host by attaching to hair follicles (together with your eyelashes) and sebaceous glands. Because it’s inconceivable to see the organisms with the bare eye, there’s no approach to let you know’ve simply picked up some new visitors after coming into contact with one other individual.

How Demodex Mites Affect Your Well being

Small numbers of Demodex mites will be helpful as a result of they take away useless pores and skin cells. Most individuals by no means understand they’ve organisms dwelling and thriving on the floor of their pores and skin. So long as your Demodex mite inhabitants stays below management, you might be unlikely to expertise any opposed well being results.

Nevertheless, some individuals find yourself with too many mites burrowing into the pores and skin, resulting in an infestation that causes irritation in several elements of the physique. Folks between the ages of 20-30 could also be particularly susceptible to creating demodicosis, an an infection brought on by sensitivity to the overpopulation of Demodex mites.

Older individuals and kids below 5 years of age may additionally be liable to a Demodex mite infestation. Some frequent situations brought on by too many Demodex mites embrace:

Blepharitis. Blepharitis is an irritation of the eyelids brought on by a blockage within the oil glands in that space. It’s potential for a Demodex mite infestation to trigger blepharitis by blocking the oil glands on the base of your eyelashes. That’s usually the rationale that sufferers over the age of 60 develop blepharitis.

Indicators of blepharitis can embrace:

  • Redness
  • Tearing
  • Dry eyes
  • Burning or stinging sensation within the eyes
  • White flakes in eyelashes
  • Feeling like one thing is in your eye
  • Sensitivity to gentle
  • Brittle eyelashes
  • Lack of eyelashes
  • Bouts of blurred imaginative and prescient

Rosacea. New analysis has discovered a definitive tie between rosacea and Demodex mites. Researchers wanting into causes of the pores and skin dysfunction found bigger numbers of Demodex mites on the pores and skin. Debate continues on whether or not rosacea causes a Demodex mite infestation or whether or not it is the consequence.

One concept is that having too many Demodex mites on the pores and skin can set off a response in people identified with rosacea. One other is that rosacea is the results of micro organism tied to Demodex mites.

Remedy for Demodex Mites

When you’ve got a rosacea breakout or a blepharitis subject that doesn’t appear to resolve, you might need to see a physician about your situation. They will carry out a microscopic examination of your pores and skin or eyelashes to search for the presence of Demodex mites that is likely to be inflicting demodicosis.

Blepharitis brought on by Demodex mites will be handled by cleansing your eyes day by day with heat water. Heat compresses can relieve swelling and clear your lashes and eyelids. You possibly can deal with demodicosis of the face by washing it twice per day with a non-soap cleanser. Attempt to keep away from utilizing any oil-based cleansers or make-up in your pores and skin.

In the event you’re coping with blepharitis, your physician could possibly carry out an eyelid microexfoliation to offer some reduction. Medicated ointments may also help forestall the unfold of Demodex mites out of your eyelashes. 

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