Let’s face it: Most of us do not give a lot thought to our pee earlier than we flush it out of sight. However the primary particulars of your urine — coloration, scent, and the way typically you go — may give you a touch about what’s occurring inside your physique.
Pee is your physique’s liquid waste, primarily manufactured from water, salt, electrolytes resembling potassium and phosphorus, and chemical substances known as urea and uric acid. Your kidneys make it after they filter toxins and different unhealthy stuff out of your blood. A bunch of issues in your physique, like drugs, meals, and diseases, can have an effect on how yours seems.
What Shade Is Your Pee?
If all the things is regular and wholesome, the colour must be a pale yellow to gold. That hue comes from a pigment your physique makes known as urochrome.
The shade, gentle or darkish, additionally modifications. If it has no coloration in any respect, that could be since you’ve been consuming numerous water or taking a drug known as a diuretic, which helps your physique do away with fluid. Very darkish honey- or brown-colored urine could possibly be an indication that you just’re dehydrated and must get extra fluids. It could even be a warning signal of liver issues, so see your physician if it doesn’t get higher after a day or so.
Different uncommon colours that will present up:
Pink or pink: Some meals like carrots, blackberries, beets, and rhubarb can flip your pee a pinkish-red coloration. This may also be a aspect impact of medicines just like the antibiotic rifampin or a drug for urinary tract infections (UTIs) known as phenazopyridine.
At all times examine together with your physician in case your pee is pink or pink. You may need blood in your urine. It doesn’t all the time imply there’s an issue, however it may be an indication of kidney illness, a UTI, prostate issues, or a tumor.
Orange: When your pee is the colour of a citrus-flavored delicate drink, it’s most likely due to meds like high-dose vitamin B2, the UTI drug phenazopyridine, or the antibiotic isoniazid. Relying on the colour, it may be an indication that you just’re dehydrated or that there’s an issue together with your liver or bile duct. It’s best to ask your physician about it.
Blue or inexperienced: These hues are most likely attributable to dyes in your meals or meds you’ve taken, just like the anesthetic propofol or the allergy/bronchial asthma drugs promethazine. Just a few uncommon medical circumstances can even flip pee inexperienced or blue, so let your physician know if the colour doesn’t go away after a short while.
Foamy: It doesn’t matter what coloration it’s, you need to examine in together with your physician if it persistently appears to be like foamy and frothy. It could be an indication you’ve gotten protein in your urine, which can imply you’ve gotten points together with your kidneys.
How Does It Scent?
Pee doesn’t normally have a robust scent. However some meals — particularly asparagus, which has a smelly sulfur compound — can change the odor. So can vitamin B-6 dietary supplements. While you’re dehydrated and your pee will get very concentrated, it may possibly scent strongly of ammonia.
Should you catch a whiff of one thing actually robust earlier than you flush, it may additionally be an indication of a UTI, diabetes, a bladder an infection, or metabolic ailments.
How Typically Ought to You Go?
Everyone seems to be totally different, however most individuals must empty their bladders as much as eight occasions a day. That may change relying on how a lot you eat and drink, particularly caffeine and alcohol. It could possibly be a aspect impact of medicines, too. Pregnant girls and older individuals normally must go extra typically than others.
Should you discover you abruptly must pee extra typically than standard, although, it could possibly be an indication of a well being drawback resembling a UTI, kidney illness, diabetes, an enlarged prostate in males, vaginitis in girls, or an issue with the wall of your bladder known as interstitial cystitis.
Should you typically really feel that you just abruptly “gotta go” and generally can’t get to the toilet in time, you might have overactive bladder. It’s a typical situation for older women and men, although it’s not a standard a part of growing old. Your physician can inform you find out how to deal with it with way of life modifications and drugs.
When to Name Your Physician
Choose up the telephone any time you see a change in your pee that doesn’t appear linked to new drugs or a latest meal — particularly if the change lasts greater than a day or so, or if it comes with a fever, again or aspect ache, vomiting, feeling very thirsty, or discharge. Your physician can check your urine to see what’s occurring.